July 6: This Day in Black History
FEATURED: Althea Gibson
1853: The National Black convention met in Rochester, New York, with 140 delegates from nine states. James W.C. Pennington of New York was elected president of this meeting which is generally considered the largest and most representative of the early Black conventions.
1853: William Wells Brown published ‘Clotel’ the first novel by a Black American.
1932: Singer and actress Della Reese was born.
1937: R&B singer & songwriter Gene Chandler was born.
1944: Lieutenant Jackie Robinson of the U.S. Army, while riding a civilian bus from Camp Hood, Texas, refuses to give up his seat to a white man
1946: Buddy Johnson & His Orchestra, with Arthur Prysock on vocals, charted with “They All Say I’m the Biggest Fool,” reaching #5 R&B.
1946: The Ink Spots entered the R&B charts with the oft-recorded “Prisoner of Love,” reaching #5 and #9 pop.
1949: R&B singer, songwriter and actress Phyllis Hyman was born.
1957: Althea Gibson won the women’s single championship at Wimbledon, England.
1963: Anita Humes & the Essex, a vocal group made up of five U.S. Marines, topped the singles with “Easier Said Than Done.” The group needed special permission from the Defense Department to perform off-base.
1963: The Cookies’ “Will Power” charted (#72 pop). Though the female trio had four pop and four R&B charters, they were mostly a backup group for the likes of Neil Sedaka, Carole King, and Little Eva. An earlier incarnation in the ’50s became Ray Charles’ background vocalists the Raelettes, but as the Cookies they reached #9 R&B with “In Paradise” in 1956.
1963: Chubby Checker, the Percells, Dee Dee Sharp, and the Earls performed at New York’s Polo Grounds prior to a Mets baseball game.
1971: Legendary jazz trumpeter Louis Armstrong passed away.
1971: Henry Sampson invented a gamma-electrical cell and received a patent on this day. The basic idea of the Gamma-Electric cell was to convert powerful radiating energies into safe and useful energy sources.
1974: “Rock the Boat,” by the Hues Corporation was the Number One song on this day.
1974: The Persuasions, popularly known as a “niche” a Capella group, charted with instrumentation when “I Really Got It Bad for You” hit the R&B charts, reaching #56.
1975: Rapper, actor, entrepreneur, producer & entertainer Curtis Jackson was born.
1978: Tia & Tamara Mowry were born.
1984: The Jackson 5 began their Victory Tour at Arrowhead Stadium in Kansas City, MO. Actually, it was the Jackson 6, as all of the brothers shared the stage for the first time in eight years.
1991: James Brown and B.B. King performed in Zagreb, Yugoslavia, while on a European tour.
2004: Singer & songwriter Syreeta Wright passed away.